Russian hackers used reseller access to Microsoft for U.S. cyber attack

The suspected Russian hackers behind the U.S. cyber attack have leveraged reseller access to Microsoft services to penetrate targets that had no compromised network software from SolarWinds, Reuters reported.
Russia has denied having any role in the hacking.

Security company CrowdStrike Holdings said Thursday hackers had won access to the vendor that sold it Office licenses and used that to try to read CrowdStrike’s email. It did not specifically identify the hackers as being the ones that compromised SolarWinds, but two people familiar with CrowdStrike’s investigation said they were.

CrowdStrike uses Office programs for word processing but not email. The failed attempt, made months ago, was pointed out to CrowdStrike by Microsoft on Dec. 15.

CrowdStrike, which does not use SolarWinds, said it had found no impact from the intrusion attempt and declined to name the reseller.

They got in through the reseller’s access and tried to enable mail read privileges. “If it had been using Office 365 for email, it would have been game over.”

Many Microsoft software licenses are sold through third parties, and those companies can have near-constant access to clients’ systems as the customers add products or employees.

Microsoft said Thursday that those customers need to be vigilant.

“Our investigation of recent attacks has found incidents involving abuse of credentials to gain access, which can come in several forms,” said Microsoft senior Director Jeff Jones. “We have not identified any vulnerabilities or compromise of Microsoft product or cloud services.”

The use of a Microsoft reseller to try to break into a top digital defense company raises new questions about how many avenues the hackers, whom U.S. officials have alleged are operating on behalf of the Russian government, have at their disposal.

The victims so far include CrowdStrike security rival FireEye and the U.S. Departments of Defense, State, Commerce, Treasury, and Homeland Security. Other big companies, including Microsoft and Cisco, said they found tainted SolarWinds software internally but had not found signs that the hackers used it to range widely on their networks.

Until now, Texas-based SolarWinds was the only publicly confirmed channel for the initial break-ins.

Reuters reported a week ago that Microsoft products were used in attacks. But federal officials said they had not seen it as an initial vector, and the software giant said its systems were not utilized in the campaign.

Microsoft hinted that its customers should still be wary. At the end of a technical blog post on Tuesday, Microsoft used one sentence to mention seeing hackers reach Microsoft 365 Cloud “from trusted vendor accounts where the attacker had compromised the vendor environment.”

Microsoft requires its technology vendors to have access to client systems in order to install products and allow new users. But discovering which vendors still have access rights at any given time is so hard that CrowdStrike developed and released an auditing tool to do that.

After a series of other breaches through cloud providers, including a major set of attacks attributed to Chinese government-backed hackers and known as CloudHopper, Microsoft this year imposed new controls on its resellers, including requirements for multifactor authentication.

The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency and the National Security Agency had no immediate comment.

SolarWinds on Thursday released an update to fix the vulnerabilities in its network management software Orion following the discovery of a second set of hackers that had targeted the company’s products.

A separate Microsoft blog post on Friday said that SolarWinds had its software targeted by a second and unrelated group of hackers in addition to those linked to Russia.

The identity of the second set of hackers, or the degree to which they may have successfully broken in anywhere, remains unclear.